Overture (from French ouverture, introduction) in music is an instrumental (usually an orchestral) play performed before the start of any performance – a theater performance, opera, ballet, motion picture, etc., or a one-part orchestra piece, often owned to program music.
Overture prepares the listener for the upcoming action.
The tradition of announcing the beginning of the performance with a short musical signal existed long before the term “overture” was entrenched in the works of first French and then other European composers of the 17th century. Until the middle of the 18th century Overtures were composed according to strictly defined rules: their lofty, generalized music usually had no connection with the subsequent action. However, the requirements for the overture gradually changed: it was increasingly subordinated to the general artistic design of the work.
What is an Overture (Overture) Continue reading
Jazz (English Jazz) – a form of musical art that arose in the early XX century in the United States as a result of the synthesis of African and European cultures and subsequently received widespread distribution. The characteristic features of the musical language of jazz were originally improvisation, polyrhythmia based on syncopated rhythms, and a unique set of techniques for performing rhythmic textures – swing. Further development of jazz occurred due to the development of new rhythmic and harmonic models by jazz musicians and composers.
The most important characteristics of jazz are the presence in the rhythm, firstly, of a regular pulsation, the so-called “beat,” and secondly, deviations from this pulsation – “swing” (from English – “swing”, “swing”). They originate in the traditions of African music. Swing is one of the expressive means of jazz. In addition to the special expressive role of rhythm, jazz inherited other features of African music: the interpretation of all instruments as percussion, rhythmic; the predominance of conversational intonations in singing and imitation of colloquial speech when playing instruments. The works Continue reading
The history of music believes that the violin in its most perfect form arose in the 16th century. By that time, all bowed instruments operating throughout the Middle Ages were already known. They were arranged in a certain order and scientists of that time knew with greater or lesser probability their entire pedigree. Their number was huge and now there is no need to delve into the depths of this matter.
Violin – a musical instrument (History of the violin)
Violin by A. Stradivarius 1729
Recent researchers have come to the conclusion that the violin is by no means a reduced “viola and gamba.” Moreover, it has been established with sufficient accuracy that both of these types of tools in their device have distinctly different features from each other. All instruments related to the “viola da Continue reading