Overture (from French ouverture, introduction) in music is an instrumental (usually an orchestral) play performed before the start of any performance – a theater performance, opera, ballet, motion picture, etc., or a one-part orchestra piece, often owned to program music.
Overture prepares the listener for the upcoming action.
The tradition of announcing the beginning of the performance with a short musical signal existed long before the term “overture” was entrenched in the works of first French and then other European composers of the 17th century. Until the middle of the 18th century Overtures were composed according to strictly defined rules: their lofty, generalized music usually had no connection with the subsequent action. However, the requirements for the overture gradually changed: it was increasingly subordinated to the general artistic design of the work.
What is an Overture (Overture) Continue reading
Guitar – (Spanish: quitarra from the Greek. Kithara – lyre) is a kind of stringed musical instrument with a wooden body – a resonator in the shape of an eight and with a long neck. It is used as an accompanying instrument in many musical styles, as well as as a solo classical instrument. It is the main instrument in such styles of music as blues, country, flamenco, rock music and many forms of popular music. Invented in the 20th century, the electric guitar had a strong impact on popular culture.
Many historians describe the origin of modern guitar and its varieties in different ways. This is not surprising, because the first stringed-plucked instruments, which were the prototype of a real guitar, appeared in ancient times, 3-4 thousand years Continue reading
Gusli is a stringed musical instrument, the most common in Russia.
The harp is a flat box-resonator with strings stretched over it. Under various names – cannel, kankles, kok-le, kantele, kusle, kesle – this multi-stringed plucked instrument is known among the peoples of the Baltic and Volga regions.
Gusli has been known in Russia since the 11th century. In shape, the pterygoid gusli was distinguished, also called voiced or arched, and helmet-shaped. Both of them, while playing, were kept on their knees, but on the first strings they were plucked with a special thin plate – a plectrum, and on the second – with the fingers of both hands. At the end of the XVI – beginning of the XVII century. rectangular gusli were created in Russia. They had a table-shaped case with a lid, inside it stretched to 66 strings. When playing, the strings were plucked with the fingers of both hands, the sounds were loud, long, undamped.
Now three varieties of gusli are common: voiced, plucked and keyboard. Voiced gusli – direct heirs of the ancient Continue reading