Sonata, musical composition for one or more instruments. In the classical sense, the term refers to a work for piano solo or for a string or spiritual instrument with a piano, consisting of several independent parts. The plan of the composite multi-part sonata and the restriction in the use of the term to only solo works were formed in the second half of the 18th century.
The word “sonata” is often also used in the term “sonata form”: in this case it refers not to a multi-part work, but to the formal structure of one part of the sonata. The sonata form is also found in symphonies, concerts, trios, quartets, quintets, even in overtures, etc.
The word “sonata” is derived from the Italian verb “sonara” – “to sound.”
For the first time so began to call their works the Spanish composers of the XVI century. Early sonatas were polyphonic, for example trio sonatas for 3 instruments – violins (or flutes), violas and gamba and harpsichord. When the homophonic style replaced the polyphonic style (the main voice with a bright melody began to play a leading role, and the others Continue reading
Block flute, recorder (longitudinal flute) – a wind instrument, usually made of wood or plastic. It has very little in common with the usual, i.e. transverse flute. The flute is held longitudinally by blowing air into the hole located at the end of the tube. Near this hole, like a device of a whistle, there is an outlet with a face dissecting the air. On the tube itself there are holes closed by fingers to extract various tones. The recorder in “serious” music is not widely distributed, it is mainly used in folk music, and for teaching children.
About Flute (Flute)
Transverse flute Continue reading
Guitar – (Spanish: quitarra from the Greek. Kithara – lyre) is a kind of stringed musical instrument with a wooden body – a resonator in the shape of an eight and with a long neck. It is used as an accompanying instrument in many musical styles, as well as as a solo classical instrument. It is the main instrument in such styles of music as blues, country, flamenco, rock music and many forms of popular music. Invented in the 20th century, the electric guitar had a strong impact on popular culture.
Many historians describe the origin of modern guitar and its varieties in different ways. This is not surprising, because the first stringed-plucked instruments, which were the prototype of a real guitar, appeared in ancient times, 3-4 thousand years Continue reading