Sonata, musical composition for one or more instruments. In the classical sense, the term refers to a work for piano solo or for a string or spiritual instrument with a piano, consisting of several independent parts. The plan of the composite multi-part sonata and the restriction in the use of the term to only solo works were formed in the second half of the 18th century.
The word “sonata” is often also used in the term “sonata form”: in this case it refers not to a multi-part work, but to the formal structure of one part of the sonata. The sonata form is also found in symphonies, concerts, trios, quartets, quintets, even in overtures, etc.
The word “sonata” is derived from the Italian verb “sonara” – “to sound.”
For the first time so began to call their works the Spanish composers of the XVI century. Early sonatas were polyphonic, for example trio sonatas for 3 instruments – violins (or flutes), violas and gamba and harpsichord. When the homophonic style replaced the polyphonic style (the main voice with a bright melody began to play a leading role, and the others Continue reading
Block flute, recorder (longitudinal flute) – a wind instrument, usually made of wood or plastic. It has very little in common with the usual, i.e. transverse flute. The flute is held longitudinally by blowing air into the hole located at the end of the tube. Near this hole, like a device of a whistle, there is an outlet with a face dissecting the air. On the tube itself there are holes closed by fingers to extract various tones. The recorder in “serious” music is not widely distributed, it is mainly used in folk music, and for teaching children.
About Flute (Flute)
Transverse flute Continue reading
Cello (Italian violoncello, abbreviated. Cello, German Violoncello, French violoncelle, English cello) – stringed string instrument of the bass and tenor register, known from the first half of the XVI century
The cello has the same structure as the violin, but much larger sizes. They play the cello while sitting, putting it in front of themselves and resting it on the floor with a special leg with a point (spire).
History is remembered by two masters, especially famous for the production of cello. This is Gasparo da Salo and Paolo Magini. They lived at the turn of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and the first of them, folk rumor attributed the honor of “inventing” a modern violin with four strings, quinte moods, improving violone, or double bass violin and, finally, creating a cello. The first masters who built the cello did not quite clearly understand the right path in the development of modern cello, which was completely completed, only by Antonio Stradivari.
What is a modern cello and what is it capable of in an orchestra?
– This instrument, like all other members of the string instrument family, has four strings tuned with bandages. They Continue reading