Jazz (English Jazz) – a form of musical art that arose in the early XX century in the United States as a result of the synthesis of African and European cultures and subsequently received widespread distribution. The characteristic features of the musical language of jazz were originally improvisation, polyrhythmia based on syncopated rhythms, and a unique set of techniques for performing rhythmic textures – swing. Further development of jazz occurred due to the development of new rhythmic and harmonic models by jazz musicians and composers.
The most important characteristics of jazz are the presence in the rhythm, firstly, of a regular pulsation, the so-called “beat,” and secondly, deviations from this pulsation – “swing” (from English – “swing”, “swing”). They originate in the traditions of African music. Swing is one of the expressive means of jazz. In addition to the special expressive role of rhythm, jazz inherited other features of African music: the interpretation of all instruments as percussion, rhythmic; the predominance of conversational intonations in singing and imitation of colloquial speech when playing instruments. The works Continue reading