Surely you have read, heard and, perhaps, even used this phrase yourself in different combinations – “Celtic music”, “Celtic music” and even “traditional Celtic music”, “folk Celtic music”, “funny Celtic dances”, “Ancient Celtic chants”, etc. etc. The phrase itself is very, very popular, but what kind of music is actually hidden behind it, no one can really explain. “Celtic music” can be fully electronic ambient with tracks like “Sacred Stonehenge and eighteen druids in a circle”, Latin American with electronic bagpipes, aggressive punk rock, violins, pipes and harmonica of funny drunk Irish men. Can you imagine how much everything fits into one definition? And after all, this is far from everything, you can fit anything into the “Celtic music”, even though the gloomy unstable mooing of the neruids, circling, holding hands, around the sacred bush. The musical genres described today by the word “Celtic music” can be divided into two categories: Continue reading
Genre (from French genre – genus) is a historically established division, the type of work in the unity of its form and content. They differ in the way of performance (vocal, vocal-instrumental, solo), purpose (applied, etc.), content (lyrical, epic, dramatic), place and conditions of performance (theater, concert, chamber, film music, etc.).
Historical song, aria, romance, cantata, opera, march, waltz, prelude, sonata – all these are examples of various musical genres. Each of them combines many works. Waltzes, for example, were written by almost all composers of the 19th – 20th centuries. Thus, a genre is a certain type of musical work within which an unlimited number of compositions can be written. Genres differ from each other in features of content and form, and these differences are Continue reading
Sonata, musical composition for one or more instruments. In the classical sense, the term refers to a work for piano solo or for a string or spiritual instrument with a piano, consisting of several independent parts. The plan of the composite multi-part sonata and the restriction in the use of the term to only solo works were formed in the second half of the 18th century.
The word “sonata” is often also used in the term “sonata form”: in this case it refers not to a multi-part work, but to the formal structure of one part of the sonata. The sonata form is also found in symphonies, concerts, trios, quartets, quintets, even in overtures, etc.
The word “sonata” is derived from the Italian verb “sonara” – “to sound.”
For the first time so began to call their works the Spanish composers of the XVI century. Early sonatas were polyphonic, for example trio sonatas for 3 instruments – violins (or flutes), violas and gamba and harpsichord. When the homophonic style replaced the polyphonic style (the main voice with a bright melody began to play a leading role, and the others Continue reading