Gusli is a stringed musical instrument, the most common in Russia.
The harp is a flat box-resonator with strings stretched over it. Under various names – cannel, kankles, kok-le, kantele, kusle, kesle – this multi-stringed plucked instrument is known among the peoples of the Baltic and Volga regions.
Gusli has been known in Russia since the 11th century. In shape, the pterygoid gusli was distinguished, also called voiced or arched, and helmet-shaped. Both of them, while playing, were kept on their knees, but on the first strings they were plucked with a special thin plate – a plectrum, and on the second – with the fingers of both hands. At the end of the XVI – beginning of the XVII century. rectangular gusli were created in Russia. They had a table-shaped case with a lid, inside it stretched to 66 strings. When playing, the strings were plucked with the fingers of both hands, the sounds were loud, long, undamped.
Now three varieties of gusli are common: voiced, plucked and keyboard. Voiced gusli – direct heirs of the ancient Continue reading
The trumpet (Italian tromba, French trompette, German Trompete, English trumpet) is a brass wind instrument of the alto-soprano register, the highest in sound among brass. A natural pipe has been used as a signal instrument since ancient times, and from about the 17th century it became part of the orchestra. With the invention of the valve mechanism, the pipe received a full chromatic scale and from the mid-19th century it became a full-fledged instrument of classical music. The instrument has a bright, brilliant timbre; it is used as a solo instrument in symphony and wind orchestras, as well as in jazz and other genres.
The sonorous calling voice of the trumpet has been known since ancient times to shepherds, hunters, and warriors. Long before our era, the pipe was known to the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. In the Middle Ages, the trumpet actively participated in knightly ceremonies, games and tournaments, in the campaign, on vacation in battle. For the first time, the Italian composer C. Monteverdi introduced the trumpet opera orchestra when in 1607 he composed fanfare of 5 independent trumpet parts in overture for his first opera Orpheus. Continue reading
French horn (from German Waldhorn – “forest horn”, Italian. Corno, English french horn, French. Cor) – brass wind musical instrument bass-tenor register. It came from a hunting signal horn; it entered the orchestra in the middle of the 17th century. Until the 1830s, like other copper instruments, it had no valves and was a natural instrument with a limited sound scale.
Among its closest neighbors, brass instruments, the horn stands out for its particularly melodious, velvety and warm timbre, and its thoughtfully lyrical sound. Its distant predecessor was a hunting horn, as evidenced by the name itself: translated from German, “horn” means “forest horn”.
Hence, the first impression of the sound of the horn is associated with the boundless distance, nature, forests and fields. But the horn is also characterized by courageous, dramatic colors, they remind of the Continue reading