The trumpet (Italian tromba, French trompette, German Trompete, English trumpet) is a brass wind instrument of the alto-soprano register, the highest in sound among brass. A natural pipe has been used as a signal instrument since ancient times, and from about the 17th century it became part of the orchestra. With the invention of the valve mechanism, the pipe received a full chromatic scale and from the mid-19th century it became a full-fledged instrument of classical music. The instrument has a bright, brilliant timbre; it is used as a solo instrument in symphony and wind orchestras, as well as in jazz and other genres.
The sonorous calling voice of the trumpet has been known since ancient times to shepherds, hunters, and warriors. Long before our era, the pipe was known to the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. In the Middle Ages, the trumpet actively participated in knightly ceremonies, games and tournaments, in the campaign, on vacation in battle. For the first time, the Italian composer C. Monteverdi introduced the trumpet opera orchestra when in 1607 he composed fanfare of 5 independent trumpet parts in overture for his first opera Orpheus. Continue reading