Overture (from French ouverture, introduction) in music is an instrumental (usually an orchestral) play performed before the start of any performance – a theater performance, opera, ballet, motion picture, etc., or a one-part orchestra piece, often owned to program music.
Overture prepares the listener for the upcoming action.
The tradition of announcing the beginning of the performance with a short musical signal existed long before the term “overture” was entrenched in the works of first French and then other European composers of the 17th century. Until the middle of the 18th century Overtures were composed according to strictly defined rules: their lofty, generalized music usually had no connection with the subsequent action. However, the requirements for the overture gradually changed: it was increasingly subordinated to the general artistic design of the work.
What is an Overture (Overture) Continue reading
Jazz (English Jazz) – a form of musical art that arose in the early XX century in the United States as a result of the synthesis of African and European cultures and subsequently received widespread distribution. The characteristic features of the musical language of jazz were originally improvisation, polyrhythmia based on syncopated rhythms, and a unique set of techniques for performing rhythmic textures – swing. Further development of jazz occurred due to the development of new rhythmic and harmonic models by jazz musicians and composers.
The most important characteristics of jazz are the presence in the rhythm, firstly, of a regular pulsation, the so-called “beat,” and secondly, deviations from this pulsation – “swing” (from English – “swing”, “swing”). They originate in the traditions of African music. Swing is one of the expressive means of jazz. In addition to the special expressive role of rhythm, jazz inherited other features of African music: the interpretation of all instruments as percussion, rhythmic; the predominance of conversational intonations in singing and imitation of colloquial speech when playing instruments. The works Continue reading
In the 18th century, guitar performance flourished. In Spain, great attention was paid to guitar. Many schools and teaching aids appeared, of which the Federico Moretti treatise was especially popular.
In the practice of guitar composition and games, original technical methods and forms of variation development took shape. At this time, countless variations and improvisations on the melody of hot, fandango have already entered the repertoire of amateurs and professionals.
The guitar helped a lot in preserving folk dances in Spanish life, which had long been supplanted in aristocratic salons by a minuet (however, minuets in the Spanish spirit also appeared). Hota, segidilla, fandango and the newly emerged bolero spread widely throughout Europe. It was a kind of revenge of Spain for the invasion of foreign influences that grew during the XVIII century.
And yet, the eighteenth century did not leave in the memory of the descendants of the brilliant names, the famous opuses. Continue reading