Style is the sum of all the elements and techniques used in music, its “final” look. The concept of style includes harmonic, melodic, polyphonic and rhythmic material, methods of its use, as well as the form, instrumentation and other factors that determine the nature of a musical work, the impression it makes on the listener. Styles are usually classified by composer and by era. For example, we can talk about the “Bach style”, referring to the harmonic, melodic, polyphonic, rhythmic and other material that is characteristic of most of Bach’s works; In comparison with this norm, the features, for example, “Beethoven’s style” are more pronounced. In addition, Bach was one of the largest composers of the 18th century. and in many ways reproduced the norms that were characteristic of other authors of that era, so we can talk about the “18th century style”, meaning “the style of most composers of this time, including Bach”. Continue reading
Rondo (from French rondeau – “circle”, “movement in a circle”) is a musical form in which repeated (at least 3) conducts of the main theme (refrain) alternate with episodes that differ from each other
A – B – A – C – A – … – A
An unchanging main theme – refrain – is like a chorus, side themes – episodes – are, by sense, tunes. The number of episodes can be from two or more (as indicated by points in the scheme). Rondo is an old form. It comes from round dance songs with a refrain, which was repeated without change, and only the verses were updated in the refrain, but not the melody (A B A B1 A B2 A … A). In professional music, this is one of the most common forms. In medieval France, troubadours and trouvers composed rondo in the form of poetry and music. Medieval musical and poetic rondos have a special structure that does not Continue reading
In the 18th century, guitar performance flourished. In Spain, great attention was paid to guitar. Many schools and teaching aids appeared, of which the Federico Moretti treatise was especially popular.
In the practice of guitar composition and games, original technical methods and forms of variation development took shape. At this time, countless variations and improvisations on the melody of hot, fandango have already entered the repertoire of amateurs and professionals.
The guitar helped a lot in preserving folk dances in Spanish life, which had long been supplanted in aristocratic salons by a minuet (however, minuets in the Spanish spirit also appeared). Hota, segidilla, fandango and the newly emerged bolero spread widely throughout Europe. It was a kind of revenge of Spain for the invasion of foreign influences that grew during the XVIII century.
And yet, the eighteenth century did not leave in the memory of the descendants of the brilliant names, the famous opuses. Continue reading