Guitar – (Spanish: quitarra from the Greek. Kithara – lyre) is a kind of stringed musical instrument with a wooden body – a resonator in the shape of an eight and with a long neck. It is used as an accompanying instrument in many musical styles, as well as as a solo classical instrument. It is the main instrument in such styles of music as blues, country, flamenco, rock music and many forms of popular music. Invented in the 20th century, the electric guitar had a strong impact on popular culture.
Many historians describe the origin of modern guitar and its varieties in different ways. This is not surprising, because the first stringed-plucked instruments, which were the prototype of a real guitar, appeared in ancient times, 3-4 thousand years Continue reading
Gusli is a stringed musical instrument, the most common in Russia.
The harp is a flat box-resonator with strings stretched over it. Under various names – cannel, kankles, kok-le, kantele, kusle, kesle – this multi-stringed plucked instrument is known among the peoples of the Baltic and Volga regions.
Gusli has been known in Russia since the 11th century. In shape, the pterygoid gusli was distinguished, also called voiced or arched, and helmet-shaped. Both of them, while playing, were kept on their knees, but on the first strings they were plucked with a special thin plate – a plectrum, and on the second – with the fingers of both hands. At the end of the XVI – beginning of the XVII century. rectangular gusli were created in Russia. They had a table-shaped case with a lid, inside it stretched to 66 strings. When playing, the strings were plucked with the fingers of both hands, the sounds were loud, long, undamped.
Now three varieties of gusli are common: voiced, plucked and keyboard. Voiced gusli – direct heirs of the ancient Continue reading
Oboe (from fr. Hautbois, literally “tall tree”, English, German and Italian. Oboe) is a woodwind musical instrument of the soprano register of the symphony orchestra, which is a conical tube with a valve system and a double cane (tongue). Oboe acquired a modern look in the first half of the 18th century. The instrument has a melodious, but somewhat nasal, and in the upper register – a sharp timbre.
The oboe can also be a member of a brass band, in various chamber ensembles. By the sound of “la” oboe, an orchestra is tuned.
Oboe device is complicated. The sound in it occurs as a result of the vibration of two connected reed plates, Continue reading