Gusli is a stringed musical instrument, the most common in Russia.
The harp is a flat box-resonator with strings stretched over it. Under various names – cannel, kankles, kok-le, kantele, kusle, kesle – this multi-stringed plucked instrument is known among the peoples of the Baltic and Volga regions.
Gusli has been known in Russia since the 11th century. In shape, the pterygoid gusli was distinguished, also called voiced or arched, and helmet-shaped. Both of them, while playing, were kept on their knees, but on the first strings they were plucked with a special thin plate – a plectrum, and on the second – with the fingers of both hands. At the end of the XVI – beginning of the XVII century. rectangular gusli were created in Russia. They had a table-shaped case with a lid, inside it stretched to 66 strings. When playing, the strings were plucked with the fingers of both hands, the sounds were loud, long, undamped.
Now three varieties of gusli are common: voiced, plucked and keyboard. Voiced gusli – direct heirs of the ancient Continue reading